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Mental Health Evidence-Based Treatment Approaches

Morgan Health Centers

Evidence-Based Treatments

What are Evidence-Based Treatments (EBT)?

Evidence-Based Treatments (EBTs) refers to treatments that are backed by scientific evidence. That is, studies have been conducted and extensive research has been documented on a particular treatment, and it has proven to be successful.

Mental health care providers use different treatment approaches to help people who are experiencing mental health crisis. Some treatment approaches have a strong backing in scientific evidence while other treatments have less evidence supporting them. Therapists who use treatments based on science engage in what is called “evidence-based practice” (EBP). If the treatments they use have scientific evidence supporting the effectiveness of the treatments, they are called evidence-based treatments (EBTs).

There is no one-size-fits-all to mental health treatment approaches. Treatment should instead be tailored to the individual. Mental health concerns can vary greatly from person to person, even among those with the same mental health diagnosis. Our Team is dedicated to offering the best level of care available by constantly evaluating and comparing the effects of various treatments for a variety of mental health problems.

Working with our team a person can develop a well-rounded and integrated mental health care plan that may include counseling, medications, support groups, education programs and other strategies that will work best for the individual.

Listed below are a few evidence-based treatments that are successful for various disorders:

  • Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT)
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
  • Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT)
  • Exposure Therapy (Guided)
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR)
  • Functional Family Therapy (FFT)
  • Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)
  • Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)
  • Motivational Interviewing
  • FDA-Approved Medicines

EBTs

Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT) – encourages mindfulness to overcome the negative attitudes, thoughts, and feelings that result from difficulties that come with life. ACT builds on a model of accepting our reactions, staying present, and making choices that then enable us to take action. Someone who struggles with social anxiety, continued stress, and depression could benefit from ACT.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – is a short-term approach that allows you to address your goals by considering the thoughts, feelings, and experiences that support desired behaviors. This is a great option for you if you have a short-term goal you want to achieve, and desire the support and accountability that a therapist can provide.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) – promotes healing by providing skills to manage difficult emotions. Your therapist incorporates mindfulness, self-awareness, emotion regulation, and interpersonal communication into your treatment plan. DBT is a great modality if you are struggling with stress or anxiety, or if you find yourself overwhelmed by strong emotional reactions. DBT can consist of group therapy sessions in addition to the individual sessions with the therapist.

Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) – focuses on one’s emotional experience, and increases the awareness that emotions are important as they provide us information about our environment. EFT aims to help us understand the patterns in our emotions, and how we can listen to them, and act according to them, in healthy and safe ways.

Exposure Therapy (Guided)  – is a form of behavior therapy that relies on exposing you to triggers in order to overcome phobias, anxiety, and distress. With the guidance of a licensed therapist, you are exposed to the trigger in a safe environment. Exposure therapy has been successful in treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy – used to relieve psychological stress. It has become an effective way to help treat trauma, especially post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Functional Family Therapy (FFT) – an intensive, short term intervention/prevention program that offers in-home family counseling designed specifically to address status-offending behaviors (i.e curfew violations, running away, and truancy) and juvenile delinquency from a relational/family based perspective. 

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) – helps people address problems in relationships and teaches new interpersonal and communication skills to improve the quality of relationships. This form of therapy may be used in couples counseling or with those with depression who have difficulty relating to others. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) –  is the practice of being present and aware of your thoughts, feelings, and experience from moment to moment. This is an ideal practice for someone wanting to increase their self-awareness.

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) – builds upon the principles of cognitive therapy by using techniques such as mindfulness meditation to teach people to consciously pay attention to their thoughts and feelings without placing any judgments upon them.

Motivational Interviewing – helps you make decisions for yourself with conviction, based on motivation and positivity. This is a great form of therapy if your quality of life is negatively impacted by your indecisiveness and uncertainty.

Psychoanalysis – views mental disorders from both the conscious and unconscious lenses, with the goal of surfacing suppressed fears, pain, and emotions. For example, a therapist practicing psychoanalysis may help you understand your own interpretation of your dreams, and this may shed light on how you truly feel about an experience you have had.

FDA-Approved Medicines – Medicines for mental disorders make changes to brain chemicals that are involved in emotions and thought patterns. Medicines don’t cure psychiatric conditions or health problems. But they can improve your symptoms. They can make other treatments, such as counseling, more effective. There are many different kinds of prescription medicines available that work in different ways.